In patients with a diagnosis of pericardial effusion, especially when accompanied by symptoms or signs of cardiac tamponade, a number of therapeutic interventions are possible. These include emergency stabilization with hydration, avoidance of vasodilators, and potentially pressors. Pericardiocentesis, surgical pericardial windowing, or percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy are potential therapies.
In this course, you will learn:
To distinguish early emergency therapy for cardiac tamponade from more definitive therapies
To describe the techniques for pericardiocentesis in the cardiac catheterization laboratory
To summarize surgical therapies for cardiac tamponade and/or recurrent pericardial effusions
To review the analysis of fluid removed during treatment of pericardial effusions