Femoral Vascular Access Using Radiographic Landmarks
Femoral arterial and venous access have been a mainstay of diagnostic and interventional cardiology for decades. While the majority of cases are now done with radial arterial access in many laboratories, femoral access continues to be performed in many cases and offers unique advantages in selected patients, for example in patients with bilateral intact internal mammary artery (IMA) coronary bypass grafts or in patients with poor upper extremity vascular access such as in many hemodialysis patients with renal failure. Femoral cases can be performed safely, but meticulous attention should be paid to all aspects of femoral artery and venous access sites.
In this course, you will learn:
- To correctly identify anatomic landmarks including bony landmarks such as the femoral head in relation to vascular structures
- To enumerate factors that increase the risk of femoral access
- To discuss the typical equipment used for vascular access including needles, wires, and catheters/sheaths
- To recognize complexities of femoral and iliac anatomy and to understand potential remedies